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Alexandria Office of Sheriff Jail Records (MS054)

Identifier: MS054

Content Description

Jail Registers noting both city and state prisoners showing name of prisoner, race, felony or misdemeanor charged with, sentence, resolution of sentence, fees and fines; Commitments for Examination showing name of prisoner, felony or misdemeanor charged with, sentence, date of sentence; Court Orders showing date, name of prisoner, race, age, felony or misdemeanor charged with, sentence; Jail Service Certificates showing name of prisoner, date released, sentence time served; Police Court Commitments showing date, name of prisoner, sentence, felony or misdemeanor charged with.


  • 1891-1948


Biographical / Historical

After 1752, the Fairfax County Court appointed a sheriff to Alexandria, and around the same time the first jail in the city was located on Market Square near the courthouse. The jail was later moved to the foot of Wolfe Street before moving again to a new building constructed around 1825 on the northeast corner of Princess and North St. Asaph Streets. The St. Asaph Street building served as the city jail for over 150 years. Deteriorating conditions led to several lawsuits, and eventually to the renovation of the old jail in 1979 and the construction of the new Alexandria Detention Center (completed in 1987).


2.27 Cubic Feet (2 legal size, 3 half legal size, 1 oversize)

Language of Materials



Late 19th and early 20th century records from the Alexandria Sheriff's Department.


Chronological order.

Related Materials

MS019, Alexandria City Records - Record of Prisoners, 1948-1952.

MS093, Captain Rufus Dudley Pettit Papers, July 1864-1865. Contains material on the Prince Street Prison during the Civil War.
Alexandria Office of Sheriff Jail Records
R. Holtz; updated by Amanda Acosta
2006, 2021
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script

Repository Details

Part of the Local History and Special Collections Branch, Alexandria Library Repository

717 Queen Street
Alexandria VA 22314 United States